classification of fungi pdf

We all know about mushrooms and moldy food, but fungi are much more important than that. Give outline of any system of classification … Classification of Fungi. This classification is based on morphology, espe­cially of reproductive structure. 20.1). 7. In this manner, some •Classification of fungi •morphology and structure •Pathogenicity •Diagnosis •Useful Properties of Fungi Diverse group of chemo heterotrophs Over 100,000 fungal species identified Only about 100 are human or animal pathogens Saprophytes – Digest dead organic matter Give general characters of Ascomycetes. Classification of Fungi by Ainsworth G. C. (1966, 71, 73): Ainsworth G. C. (1966, 71, 73) proposed a more natural system of classification of fungi. Discuss the salient features of some important groups of fungi. The taxonomy of fungi belonging to the Section Nigri comprises one of the most confusing and complex due to the subtle differences between the species. Fungal cells • Cell wall composition Many fungi are valuable decomposers that break down wastes and THE Fungus FILES 5 Introduction Throughout history, fungi have been regarded with great suspicion. 2008). regarding any of the mycoses or pathogenic fungi mentioned, the reader is referred to the citations provided. The basic rank of biological classification is the species (although there is no universally approved definition of a species) and species are then arranged (moving He includes fungi along with slime molds under the kingdom Mycota. Classification of fungi: Fungi were initially classified with plants and were a subject of interest for botanists; hence the influence of botany can be seen on their classification. Give a recognized scheme of classification of fungi, and mention the chief character-istics of each class. Moss (Plant) and Lichen Growing on Tree Bark. The species name is called a binomial, which consists of two parts. Fungi – General characteristics • Mycology – myco, myce • Eukaryotic, aerobic • Heterotrophic – Complex nutritional requirements • Nutritional sources –Saprophytic • Decomposers – Opportunistic parasites •Host is usually compromised. Everyone has met the fungi, for better or worse (Fig. 4. Describe Ainsworth’ s classification of fungi. Classification of the Fungi Kingdom Fungal Phyla Examples The ancients, wary of mushrooms that appeared like magic after a heavy rain, called them 'a callosity of the earth', 'earthly excrescences', and 'the evil ferment of the earth'.In spite of leaving a … for the precise definitions of the mycological terminology used, the reader is referred to ainsworth and bisby’s Dictionary of the fungi (Kirk et al. In 1969 R.H Whittaker classified all living organisms into five kingdoms namely Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantae and Animalia. 5 Naming and Classification of Fungi Taxonomy: A subject which deals with classification and naming of organisms is called taxonomy. Others attack crop plants, farm animals, and humans with costly results. Both fungi and plants are immobile, have cell walls, and grow in soil. 5. 6. For a long time, classification and identification of these species were studied through morphologic criteria (19, 22). Some fungi, such as lichens, even look like plants (see Figure below). For a long time, scientists considered fungi to be members of the plant kingdom because they have obvious similarities with plants. 3. The first part is the genus (plural: genera) and the second is the specific epithet. In this section we will show the current classification of fungi, but will deal with a little terminology first. Many fungi reduce human hunger by aiding the growth of plants. 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