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Three of the world’s longest glaciers are found in Gilgit-Baltistan namely the Biafo Glacier, the Baltoro Glacier and the Batura Glacier. Three of the world's longest glaciers outside the polar regions are found in Gilgit-Baltistan. Haidar Khan from Shigar, one of the leaders of the uprising against the Dogras,[52] was imprisoned and died in captivity. Another factor was that the whole of Pakistan itself was deficient in democratic norms and principles, therefore the federal government did not prioritise democratic development in the region. However, faced with growing influence of the Umayyad Caliphate and then the Abbasid Caliphate to the west, the Tibetans were forced to ally themselves with the Islamic caliphates. By this time, according to Chinese records, the king of Little Palola was Mo-ching-mang (Chinese: 沒謹忙; pinyin: méijǐnmáng). Meanwhile, Baghwan Singh was appointed as administrator (Thanadar) in Skardu. Ahmad Shah was then forced to accompany Zorawar Singh on his raid into Western Tibet. Three of the world’s longest glaciers outside the polar regions are found in Gilgit-Baltistan. [23] However, in November 2020, Pakistan's Prime Minister Imran Khan announced that Gilgit-Baltistan would attain Provisional Provincial status after the 2020 Gilgit-Baltistan Assembly election, being a long-standing demand of the people of Gilgit-Baltistan.[24][25][26]. After the defeat of the Sikhs in the First Anglo-Sikh War, the region became a part of the princely state called Jammu and Kashmir which since 1846 remained under the rule of the Dogras. [44], Turkic tribes practising Zoroastrianism arrived in Gilgit during the 7th century, and founded the Trakhan dynasty in Gilgit. In its judgement of 28 May 1999, the Court directed the Government of Pakistan to ensure the provision of equal rights to the people of Gilgit-Baltistan, and gave it six months to do so. In 720, the delegation of Surendrāditya (Chinese: 蘇麟陀逸之; pinyin: sūlíntuóyìzhī) reached the Chinese imperial court. level, such as the northern and western mountains. Before 1978, Gilgit-Baltistan was cut off from the rest of the Pakistan and the world due to the harsh terrain and the lack of accessible roads. [1][note 1] [36] Numerous Sanskrit inscriptions, including the Danyor Rock Inscriptions, were discovered to be from his reign. GVS invites you to relish and trek in the hills in the ‘roof of the world’ in Gilgit-Baltistan and participate in the Polo festival in Shandur in July. Abruzzi Glacier is beside Baltoro Kangri and is situated in Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan. [19][20] Much of the population of Gilgit-Baltistan wants to be merged into Pakistan as a separate fifth province and opposes integration with Kashmir. Urdu, the national language, is the vernacular of the region and is used for inter-ethnic communications. Gilgit Baltistan is home to some of the highest peaks in the world, including K2 the second highest peak in the world. The climate of Gilgit-Baltistan varies from region to region, surrounding mountain ranges creates sharp variations in weather. The Maqpons of Skardu unified Gilgit-Baltistan with Chitral and Ladakh, especially in the era of Ali Sher Khan Anchan[46] who had friendly relations with the Mughal court. [84][85] In 1969, a Northern Areas Advisory Council (NAAC) was created, later renamed to Northern Areas Council (NAC) in 1974 and Northern Areas Legislative Council (NALC) in 1994. [146] For testimonies, they present the Epic of King Gesar of balti version where king gesar started polo by killing his step son and hit head of cadaver with a stick thus started the game[147] they also held that the very simple rules of local polo game also testifies its primitiveness. He introduced polo to the Gilgit region and from Chitral, he sent a group of musicians to Delhi to learn Indian music; the Mughal architecture influenced the architecture of the region as well. The Siachin Glacier is 75 km. The mission of the force is the prevention and detection of crime, maintenance of law and order and enforcement of the Constitution of Pakistan. Then, with the assistance of the Chinese government, Pakistan began construction of the Karakoram Highway (KKH), which was completed in 1978. Today Baltistan bears similarity to Ladakh physically and culturally (although not religiously). However, in several policy circles, the point was raised that the Pakistani government was helpless to comply with the court verdict because of the strong political and sectarian divisions in Gilgit-Baltistan and also because of the territory's historical connection with the still disputed Kashmir region and this prevented the determination of Gilgit-Baltistan's real status. Gilgit Baltistan is located in between the mighty mountains of Karakoram, Himalayas, Hindukush, and Pamir. Others say that the inscriptions were works of the locals. The Indian forces mounted an offensive in Autumn 1948 and recaptured all of Kargil district. In the late 600s CE, the rising Tibetan Empire wrestled control of the region from the Chinese. Apart from several high-altitude lakes, the region is also home to three of world’s longest glaciers outside of the polar region, including the world’s highest war field, the Siachen glacier. At 53 km in length, the Batura Glacier is up there with the biggest in the world. Biafo glacier, Baltoro glacier and the Batura glacier, which are three of the world’s longest glaciers, are found in Gilgit-Baltistan. By 721/722, Baltistan had come under the influence of the Tibetan Empire. English is co-official and also used in education, while Arabic is used for religious purposes. These are the interesting Facts you must know: 1: High Mountains. The Karakoram Highway connects Gilgit to Tashkurgan Town, Kashgar, China via Sust, the customs and health-inspection post on the Gilgit-Baltistan side, and the Khunjerab Pass, the highest paved international border crossing in the world at 4,693 metres (15,397 ft). The territory of present-day Gilgit-Baltistan became a separate administrative unit in 1970 under the name "Northern Areas". [114], There are towns like Gilgit and Chilas that are very hot during the day in summer yet cold at night and valleys like Astore, Khaplu, Yasin, Hunza, and Nagar, where the temperatures are cold even in summer. The estimated population of Gilgit-Baltistan was about 1.8 million in 2015[18] and the overall population growth rate between 1998 and 2011 was 63.1% making it 4.85% annually.[109][110]. Hari Singh made a plea to India for assistance and signed the Instrument of Accession. It is the administrative capital of Ghanche District and 103 km from Skardu. Three of the world’s longest glaciers outside the polar regions are found in Gilgit-Baltistan. Currently, flights are being operated by PIA to Gilgit and Skardu, respectively, for those who prefer quick and scenic travels. Global Village Space is a news web portal that aims to provide a platform to all to promote dialogue and understanding. Security in Gilgit-Baltistan is provided by the Gilgit-Baltistan Police, the Gilgit Baltistan Scouts (a paramilitary force), and the Northern Light Infantry (part of the Pakistani Army). The portal will present all shades of opinion to enhance understanding. However, Major Brown had already telegraphed Khan Abdul Qayyum Khan asking Pakistan to take over. Gilgit-Baltistan is home to five of the "eight-thousanders" or mountain peaks above 8000 m height including K2 (Mount Godwin-Austen) and Nanga Parbat. The ethnic groups include Shins, Yashkuns, Kashmiris, Kashgaris, Pamiris, Pathans, and Kohistanis. Agricultural products are wheat, corn (maize), barley, and fruits. [98][99] While administratively controlled by Pakistan since the First Kashmir War, Gilgit-Baltistan has never been formally integrated into the Pakistani state and does not participate in Pakistan's constitutional political affairs. "The secretaries were more powerful than the concerned advisors," in the words of one commentator. The Batura Glacier, 57 kilometers (35 mi) long the northern region is holy with lofty mountains, long glaciers and amazing landscape making it a â ¦ [1] It lies in the Gojal region of Gilgit-Baltistan in Pakistan. The Batura, too, is 58 km in length. The earliest of them date back to between 5000 and 1000 BCE, showing single animals and hunting scenarios, in which the animals are larger than the hunters. [72] However, no withdrawal was ever carried out, India insisting that Pakistan had to withdraw first and Pakistan contending that there was no guarantee that India would withdraw afterwards. Three of the world's seven longest glaciers outside the polar regions are located in Gilgit-Baltistan-- the Biafo Glacier, the Baltoro Glacier, and the Batura Glacier. [42] Great Palola was subsequently captured by the Chinese army in 753 under the military Governor Feng Changqing. Dards are found mainly in the western areas. Picturesque and panoramic, Gilgit-Baltistan is six times the size of its neighbor Azad Kashmir, and is surrounded by frontiers of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Afghanistan, China and Indian-held Jammu and Kashmir The region is rich in diversity where many cultures, religions, and languages meet and reside peacefully; also known for the beauty of its people. What’s driving Pakistan’s stock exchange? [136] The populations in Gilgit, Hunza and Nagar districts are composed of a mix of all of these sects. Biofo glacer was first visited by Sir Martin Conway in 1892 who approached it via the Hunza Gorge and Hispar Glacier. All flights are subject to weather clearance; in winter, flights are often delayed by several days. The rest of the economy is shouldered by mainly agriculture and tourism. All political and judicial powers remained in the hands of the Ministry of Kashmir Affairs and Northern Areas (KANA). It was formed by the amalgamation of the former Gilgit Agency, the Baltistan district and several small former princely states, the larger of which being Hunza and Nagar. The Karakoram Highway connects Islamabad to Gilgit and Skardu, which are the two major hubs for mountaineering expeditions in Gilgit-Baltistan. [120] K2 Basecamp, Deosai, Naltar, Fairy Meadows Bagrot Valley and Hushe valley are common places to visit in Gilgit Baltistan.[121]. Indian Terrorism Dossier: Pakistan Foreign Office exposes Indian support to terrorism. Glaciers . Dr Ashfaque Hasan Khan member Economic Advisory Council’s talks economics with GVS. Prominent "antagonist groups" have mushroomed protesting the absence of civic rights and democracy. The Biafo-Hispar glacier together form a passage of 76 miles which is the longest glacier traverse, outside the Arctic region. Gilgit-Baltistan is home to five of the "eight-thousanders" and more than fifty peaks above 7,000 metres (23,000 ft). Spanning nearly 40 miles, Baltoro Glacier sits in the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan. In 1994, a Legal Framework Order (LFO) was created by the KANA Ministry to serve as the de facto constitution for the region. But it was devoid of legislative powers. We encourage our writers to be respectfully irreverent and our readers to be tolerant. [88] Improved connectivity also allowed the political parties of Pakistan and Azad Kashmir to set up local branches, raise political awareness in the region, and these Pakistani political parties have played a 'laudable role' in organising a movement for democratic rights among the residents of Gilgit-Baltistan. It had an estimated population of 1.249 million in 2013[6][7] (estimated as 1.8 million in 2015 by Shahid Javed Burki (2015)). [51], In 1842, Dogra Commander Wasir Lakhpat, with the active support of Ali Sher Khan (III) from lKartaksho, conquered Baltistan for the second time. [35], In the 14th century, Sufi Muslim preachers from Persia and Central Asia introduced Islam in Baltistan. Baltistan region, however, came under Gilgit control. But in the following year, Ali Khan of Rondu, Haidar Khan of Shigar and Daulat Ali Khan from Khaplu led a successful uprising against the Dogras in Baltistan and captured the Dogra commander Baghwan Singh in Skardu. It is located in the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan. [134] It is located in the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan. There was a violent capture of the fortress of Kharphocho. The Siachen Glaciers, known as the world's highest battlefield, are also located in the GB region, which includes the world's second-longest glaciers, stretching an impressive 76 km (47 mi). There would also be one daily bus in each direction between the Sust and Taxkorgan border areas of the two political entities.[122]. The journey from Rawalpindi / Islamabad to Gilgit takes approximately 20 to 24 hours. The fastest way to travel was by air, but air travel was accessible only to a few privileged local people and to Pakistani military and civilian officials. Currently, flights are being operated by PIA to Gilgit on the brand-new ATR 42–500, which was purchased in 2006. The provisional government lacked sway over the population. Gilgit-Baltistan is also home to three of the world’s longest glaciers outside the Polar regions: the Biafo Glacier, the Baltoro Glacier and the Batura Glacier. [48] Later Anchan in his successors Abdal Khan had great influence though in the popular literature of Baltistan he is still alive as a dark figure by the nickname "Mizos" "man-eater". [citation needed], In November 1839, Dogra commander Zorawar Singh, whose allegiance was to Gulab Singh, started his campaign against Baltistan. [100][103] Currently, Gilgit-Baltistan is neither a province nor a state. Gilgit-Baltistan (Urdu: گِلگِت بَلتِسْتان‎[citation needed], Balti: རྒྱལ་སྐྱིད་ སྦལྟི་ཡུལ།[citation needed]), formerly known as the Northern Areas,[11] is a region administered by Pakistan as an administrative territory, and constituting the northern portion of the larger Kashmir region which has been the subject of a dispute between India and Pakistan since 1947, and between India and China from somewhat later. [83], In the late 1990s, the President of Al-Jihad Trust filed a petition in the Supreme Court of Pakistan to determine the legal status of Gilgit-Baltistan. Gilgit Baltistan's landscape includes mountains, lakes, glaciers and valleys. However, the records do not consistently disambiguate the two. The English word Polo has balti origin, that is spoken in same region, dates back to the 19th century which means ball.[148][149]. [41], In 721–722, Tibetan army attempted but failed to capture Gilgit or Bruzha (Yasin valley). The estimated population of Gilgit-Baltistan in 2013 was 1.249 million. [56][57] Local tribal militias and the Pakistani armed forces moved to take Srinagar but on reaching Uri they encountered defensive forces. Its capital city is Gilgit (population 216,760 est). Will the resumption of IMF program harm or help the economy? The British sold it, along with the rest of Jammu and Kashmir, to the Dogra ruler of Jammu, Gulab Singh, after defeating the Sikh army in 1846, but retained controlled over the area through a lease extracted from the Maharaja. * Combined population of Skardu, Shigar, Kharmang and Roundu districts. [18] In 2009, it was granted limited autonomy and renamed to Gilgit-Baltistan via the Self-Governance Order signed by President of Pakistan Asif Ali Zardari, which also aimed to empower the people of Gilgit-Baltistan. Gilgit-Baltistan was ruled by many local rulers, amongst whom the Maqpon dynasty of Skardu and the Rajas of Hunza were famous. It runs through part of the Karakoram mountain range. Gilgit-Baltistan is a multilingual region where Urdu being a national and official language serves as the lingua franca for inter ethnic communications. Dr. Moeed Yusuf: Connecting the dots on Indian dossier, Indian sponsored Terrorist Training Camps, DG ISPR Gen. Babar Iftikhar on Pakistan & Fifth Generation Warfare, RAW: India’s powerful tool for regional domination, Indian Colonel Rajesh directing terror in Pakistan from Kabul, Part-time Intern (International Affairs Desk), 4 Pakistanis make the Forbes 30 under 30 list. A railway through the region has been proposed; see Khunjerab Railway for details. [94] The people of Gilgit-Baltistan oppose any integration with Kashmir and instead want Pakistani citizenship and constitutional status for their region. In the 1st century, Pliny repeats that the Dards were great producers of gold. [29] In the 1st century, the people of these regions were followers of the Bon religion while in the 2nd century, they followed Buddhism. [40] Between 723 and 728, the Korean Buddhist pilgrim Hyecho passed through this area. [91] Pakistan government has been debating the grant of a provincial status to Gilgit-Baltistan. The areas of Gilgit, Chitral and Hunza had already become independent of the Maqpons. Browns's actions surprised the British Government. [70][71], On 1 January 1948, India took the issue of Jammu and Kashmir to the United Nations Security Council. The 3 rd longest glacier out of … The table below shows a break-up of Gilgit-Baltistan first-language speakers. How Pakistan took over it? Gilgit-Baltistan borders Pakistan's Khyber Pukhtunkhwa province to the west, a small portion of the Wakhan Corridor of Afghanistan to the north, China's Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region to the northeast, the Indian-administered Jammu and Kashmir to the southeast, and the Pakistani-administered state of Azad Jammu and Kashmir to the south. The Pamir Plateau – apex of six of the mightiest mountains in the world – is called ‘Bam-e-Dunya’ which translates to ‘Roof of the World.’. All law-making was concentrated in the KANA Ministry of Pakistan. Of people from Gilgit-Baltistan are residing in other parts of Pakistan geography Climbing, trekking and other similar are... 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